Tutorial summary | |
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Project name | tuto_IPMSM_03 |

Machine name | machine_IPMSM_A |

Source project | tuto_IPMSM_02 |

Description | Same as tuto_IPMSM_02 but partial load |

The project tuto_IPMSM_02_test can be copied/paste (or loaded and saved with the GUI) in tuto_IPMSM_03_test to create a new current driven electromagnetic and vibroacoustic simulation at partial load using permeance/mmf model.

The first thing to carry partial load calculation in the PMSM is to activate the calculation of the stator armature field using

`Input.Simu.is_mmfs = 1;`

One can then impose arbitrarily the phase current values of the armature field and the PM rotor position independently; alternatively, one can also fix the current angle in the DQ frame to achieve a certain torque amount.

The RMS phase current can be imposed using

`Input.Simu.type_extsupply=1;`

This means the equivalent circuit is not used to calculate stator currents. The magnitude and phase of the current in the ABC frame are then specified by

` Input.Simu.I0 = 150;`

Input.Simu.Phi0 = pi/2;

In the GUI, you can set this parameter in Workflow (type_extsupply is set by "Input: Current sinusoidal"):

For surface permanent magnet motors in motor mode, Phi0=pi/2 gives the maximum output torque. When specifying a specific current angle, the rotor position should be synchronized with the stator field using (default hidden value in the GUI):

` Input.Simu.is_fixed_loadangle = 1;`

In this example, an id current of -30A and iq current of +39A is simulated using

` Input.Simu.I0 = sqrt((-30)^2+39^2));`

Input.Simu.Phi0 = atan(39/(-30));

One can notice that the magnetic force spectrum now contains a new pulsating (wavenumber r=0) component using plot_Fr_fft2 :

This is also the case of the sound power level spectrum obtained with plot_ASWL_fft :

Again the simulation time is extremely fast (max 2 second) and the spectrum is obtained up to 20 kHz, maximum of the human’s ear sensitivity.

The spectrogram synthesization process can still be used but then the variation of id/iq has to be defined with the control type:

` `

Input.Simu.type_control=0

For type_control=0 the current angle and current magnitude is kept unchanged with speed. Using type_control=8 one can specified the current angle and current magnitude as a function of speed in Input.Simu.I0spec (phase current magnitude) and Input.Simu.Phi0spec (phase current angle).

The variable speed noise and vibration including structural modal contribution can be plot with plot_ASWL_modal_cont

One can see that the resonances are still close to 3000 and 6000 rpm due to 12th and 24th times the electrical frequency with the 0-mode of the lamination stack.